Saturday, 30 May 2015

Who saves nation more Police or Army?

Army  and police are two strong pillars of our nation security .Both have their respective areas of jurisdiction and specified set of powers but their ultimate aim is maintaining  nation security .we cannot compare them because both of their  roles are crucial in maintaining security and one cannot be sacrificed or subsidised in sake for the  other. So these two departments have to work and even have worked together in many situations for maintaining internal peace and security of the nation.
Indian police department is regarded  as the state affair and its role is to maintain  internal peace and security of the state on the other hand   the Indian  army comes under  the centre  and its  role is  to guard the forward areas of the nation.both of these forces work areas are completely different from each other but Sometimes during the emergencies or situation when the police is not able to control and maintain internal peace in the state then the  army is called upon for help. This is when the problem arises as the peacetime activities of an armed force have a bearing on its wartime capabilities and its relations with the civil society.although it had been stated in the  government policy  to use the defence forces as sparingly as possible in the issues related to  internal security  yet  the Indian army  has been continuously being  engaged in  Jammu and Kashmir as well as in disturbed areas of north eastern states  internal  operations .The reason behind  the involvement of Indian army in these states is because jammu and Kashmir and disturbed areas of north Indian sates comes under the armed forces special power act,1958  .as per The armed forces special powers act ,1958  the  armed forces were given certain specified special powers over the disturbed areas for maintaining internal  peace  in the state  .In case of Jammu and Kashmir which is  under this act for a long time now it    has   been experiencing  continuous revolts  from the  people  for lifting off the AFSPA ,1958 . This clearly shows that excessive army involvement create distress in the nation. As rightly said by the former army chief Ved Prakash Malik “Excessive and continuous involvement of the Army for internal security is not good, neither for the Army nor for the nation. Most of the states have neglected their armed police.’’
Internal security is the responsibility of the Home ministry and the police force and the  armed forces are for forward frontiers and external security of the nation.
Here it’s not the army or the police or the people that has to be blamed,  it’s the responsibility of the government to administer its defence forces in proper way without creating distress in the nation.
As rightly stated by strategic affairs expert Jasjeet Singh that   “There is an increasing trend to rely on the army for internal security”, “We have got into the habit that the moment there is the slightest disturbance the administrator picks up the phone and calls for the army.”Defence analyst Gurmeet Kanwal stated that “such operations undoubtedly stretch the army’s budget and affect its modernisation programme; they also interfere with the training of the armed forces for conventional warfare.
It’s the responsibility of the government to reduce this threat . However, concerns had been raised after the Malegaon blasts case where a serving army officer has been charge sheeted.
even though we cant raise doubt on whole army because of one such event .still it is a great matter of concern and has to look upon by the authorities and should find the core of the cause.

this also makes us think  that whether  army’s involvement in internal security duties make it vulnerable to politicisation?according to Singh thinks that Malegaon is an aberration but “what is aberration today in twenty years will be regular.”He suggests reforming the training and recruitment of police so it can tackle internal security challenges on its own.Police being a state subject under the Indian constitution, personnel are recruited locally and therefore are more sensitive to local sentiments.  This makes the police more conducive to handling internal security duties provided it has the capacity.Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah favours the strategy of letting the local police maintain law and order in the state.which comes under the armed forces special power act,1958.as per The armed forces special powers act ,1958  the  armed forces were given  certain specified special powers over the disturbed areas for maintaing internal  peace  in the state  .In case of Jammu and Kashmir which is  under this act for a long time now and   therefore  armed forces are working along with the state police   has   been experiencing  continuous revolts  from the  people  for lifting off the AFSPA ,1958 . This clearly shows that excessive army involvement created distress in the nation. As rightly said by former army chief Ved Prakash Malik “Excessive and continuous involvement of the Army for internal security is not good, neither for the Army nor for the nation. Most of the states have neglected their armed police.''Internal security is the responsibility of the Home ministry and the police force and armed forces are for forward frontiers and external security of the nation.Therefore they should work in their respective areas which will be good for the people as well as for the police and army.even if army get involved with the state administration for internal affairs and it created chaos then  it’s not the army or the police or the people that has to be blamed,  then its  the responsibility of the  government .
As per  Jasjeet Singh one of the experts     “There is an increasing trend to rely on the army for internal security”, “We have got into the habit that the moment there is the slightest disturbance the administrator picks up the phone and calls for the army.”Defence analyst Gurmeet Kanwal stated that “such operations undoubtedly stretch the army’s budget and affect its modernisation programme; they also interfere with the training of the armed forces for conventional warfare.It’s the responsibility of the government to reduce this threat . However, concerns had been raised after the Malegaon blasts case where a serving army officer has been charge sheeted.even though we can't raise doubt on the whole army because of one such event .still it is a great matter of concern and has to look upon by the authorities and should find the core of the cause.
the main cause of the problem is that government rely on army for internal security issues too.so instead of relying on army the government should take drastic changes  in training and recruitment programmes of the police .so that the police will be self reliant in maintaining internal securing and then army involvement wont be needed.police is a local authority and therefore they are much more connected with the people as compared to the army and therefore making then self reliant will help in avoiding chaos.

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